Beauty and Pleasure I’ve often thought that human story was worth the extra effort and that some researcher or descendant in the future would be pleased even if they don’t know I was the one who found out why he was called Eleven. Suggest that Mr. Lerch try Cornus mas, Cornelian cherry. He chose Lone Pine because he had just one pine tree on his property. I have a copy of Cornucopia II which does not list Viburnum odoratissimum. Are their berries ediable? trilobum.) That said – from your description I wonder if you may have a Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttalli) which can appear to have a globe-shaped fruit, (actually a cluster of drupes), but instead of dangling down a few inches below the branches, it sits upright. I am purchasing many Viburnum tirlobums cultivar Compactum or also known as Spring Bouquet. Before that about a dozen were for food and tea. Viburnums produce abundant edible berries that are valuable food for autumn/winter birds and their foliage is essential food for many butterflies and moths, including the spectacular cecropia moth and the day-flying hummingbird clearwing moth. Method of Preparation: Fruit used raw or cooked, fruit leather. I have bookmarked to study later. That excites me more than it should! -- Same as above but only 4 to 5 feet tall. Viburnum lentago, Wild Raisin, Sweet Vibrunum, Sheepberry, blue-black fruit, pulpy, sweet, juicy, pleasant. Especially good are the cultivars `Philips,' with higher-quality fruit, and `Wentworth,' which is hardy to Zone 2. The fruit is up to 9.5mm in diameter. When in bloom it stops onlookeers in their tracks. It is suspected that all Viburnums might have the coumarin glycoside. Other names for this berry include sheepberry and sweet viburnum. The genus Viburnum covers a large number of shrubs and the name is an old Latin name for one particular member of the genus. The American cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. Among them were: Jelly, jam, mixed with grease, stored with fish fat, frozen, juiced, mixed with water and oil to make an ice cream, green and ripe berries steamed then covered with water and stored for winter use, mixed with sugar, mixed with sugar and flour (also a preferred way in Scandanivia) mixed with grease and stored in birch bark containers underground. Elderberries. Remove seeds. The Arrowood is just now blooming and the size and quality of bloom clusters seem more what we are accustomed to. This led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD. The fruit is edible in small quantities, with a very acidic taste; it can be used to make jelly. Also, I grew up very close to Viburnum, Missouri, and I too think that a Viburnum festival would be a good way to give those folks something to do. If you want to automatically receive a daily homes and gardens tip, sign up here. I have a shady back slope yard. Some say the term Viburnum comes from Dead Latin, others say no, some insist it means “Wayfaring Tree.” From the time of Virgil (70-19 BC) folks have mentioned Viburnums. My concern is for the children who might want to eat the fruit. Opening from pale pink buds from winter to mid spring, masses of tiny, fragrant, white flower clusters, 2-4 in. American cranberry bush viburnum (Viburnum trilobum) is a beautiful flowering shrub that has white springtime flowers, maple-shape leaves that turn bright colors in autumn, and red fall berries. ), these viburnums taste similar, produce more berries and are easier to grow than cranberries. Sometimes Viburnums can be confused with Dogwoods, depending on the species and where you live. Please support high-quality local journalism. Ilex decidua has alternative leaves. Can you enlighten me. Similar species: Ten species in genus Viburnum are known to grow wild in our state. [10] (5-10 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. However, I haven’t been able to find any information where it says that the V. Sargentii fruits are edible. (And they may have made my head swim after putting 3 in mouth to try to get the melon flavor.) Viburnum casinoides, Withe-rod, Nannyberry, Moosewood, the pulp is sweet, well-flavored, hanging on the tree deep into winter. Virburnum trilobum, High-Bush Cranberry red fruit substituted for cranberries, used in sauces, juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine. John – I’m no expert, but you should be able to send a twig with leaves, buds and maybe flowers or fruit to your state university for identification, to the department of horticulture. Viburnum opulus. I have a dogwood that blooms a month later than native dogwoods (same time this harsh spring), and it has fruits that look like your pic of Koussa dogwoods EXCEPT the fruits stand up straight like a candle instead of hanging down. Subscribe to OregonLive. Many birds prefer to eat the berries after they have been once frozen and thawed, which reduces the acidic content. Some sources suggest that guelder rose is toxic, particularly when the berries are eaten in excess, causing stomach upsets or worse – symptoms of poisoning. Your blog looks great. Shiny, intensely red fruits the size of blueberries color up in summer and fall. There is record of making jelly from the berries but I have not tried this personally. American cranberrybush is Viburnum trilobum, a name that’s been recently changed to Viburnum opulus ‘Americanum.’ It produces flattened flower clusters that yield edible red berries. Name explained. Locally viburnums are a common landscape plant, the most used being Viburnum odoratissimum. Viburnum trilobum blooms in May – June. V. sargentii is not mentioned in any of my references regarding edibility. The providers of this website accept no liability for the use or misuse of information contained in this website. Plant these viburnums in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade, depending on the variety. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. It is an upright to rounded, deciduous … Viburnums bend easily. American Cranberry bush (Viburnum trilobum) - This 6- to 10-foot- tall shrub is hardy in zones 3 to 8. The leaves are use for tea from Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum. Or maybe you have a hybrid between kousa and another dogwood? She said he was the eleventh child and his was going to be the eleventh child chair  put around the dinner table. On one day when I had to write them a man died named Eleven Chairs. Thank you for your insight. Viburnum nudum, Smooth-withe-rod, Possom Haw, apple-shaped fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, sweet, eaten raw. Comments or questions about this site, or for permission to use photos and information. I have a Viburnum tree, several, in fact, growing on our property in Northern Michigan but I have not been able to identify them. This leads me to Viburnum, Missouri. Also called Arrow-wood, as one Florida species is, the Neolithic Iceman, Oetiz (right) found frozen in the Alps in 1991, was carrying arrow shafts made from the Viburnum lantana. I could not find any reports of human or animal toxicity associated with the Viburnum odoratissimum. The humble hobblebush (Viburnum lantanoides) is one such plant, a companion to hikers year-round. Viburnum prunifolium, Black Haw, Stagbush, bluish-black fruit, varying size, sweet, eaten out of hand, or used for jams, jelly, sauces, drinks and the like. As a child, I always imagined cranberries grew on bushes, in much the same way as blueberries. For more information about nannyberry shrubs, or information on how to grow nannyberries, read on. Many thanks, Carol. Viburnum nudum has longer leaves than Viburnum obovatum (Walter Viburnum.) The fruit is acidic but edible off the plant and when properly prepared makes a good preserve. Experience the most beautiful berry display in the plant kingdom with this new Viburnum. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring when the flowers bloom against a backdrop of lush, dark green foliage. High in vitamin C. Flowers can be added to pancakes, cake batters or made into fritters. He was an early resident of the area and involved in everything: Medical doctor, farmer, businessman, bottle washer, you name it. I finally talked with Eleven’s  elderly aunt several hundred miles away. Hobblebush grows a bit differently than the others, with a sprawling habit and gigantic leaves. And just to make sure you know V. oplus berries are toxic raw and must be cooked. Perhaps Cornucopia I did and II does not. Viburnum Opulas sits ornamentally in many gardens around the world without its full potential being recognised as a healing and edible plant. He also ran the general store and applied to the federal government to include a post office in his store (good for business, you know.) I have a picture of the leaves and berries. Although no relation to real cranberries ( Vaccinium … Edible Shrub Descriptions All shrubs below are deciduous and grow best in full sun and on well-drained soil unless otherwise stated. Enjoyed your blog about Viburnums. A pleasantly sweet flavour, but there is very little edible flesh surrounding a relatively large seed [K]. Viburnaceae. They taste best as soon as they ripen, making an excellent nibble while hiking in the early fall. Are V. Sargentii fruits edible for humans and will birds eat them as well? Viburnum opulus (also called Guelder rose): A handsome, open, 10-foot shrub with maple-like lobed leaves. Identification: Viburnum nuduns, deciduous shrub, small tree to 20 feet, leaves opposite, simple, lance shaped to elliptical, four to six inches long, often shorter, upper surface dark green, shiny, lower surface covered with tiny glandular dots, leaf tips pinched to an abrupt point, edges usually toothless, occasionally finely crenated to serrated, slightly revolute. If you see showy clusters, particularly in northern Florida, it will either be a Viburnum or a Dogwood. There are 150 species of Viburnums, perhaps a couple of dozen more. The Viburnum nudum has opposit leaves. If it is a Dogwood leaf there will be “thread-like strings of latex” between the two pieces. Will they grow ok under shade. Beautifully shaped snow balls of flowers and subtle scent. The stone, however, is large and the pulp thin. Hello, We had an unusually cool spring nights. Bloom Color: White. There is no mention of edibility for it or two common landscape Viburnums, Viburnum rhytidophyllum and Viburnum davidii. Most of the North American Viburnums have large seeds and a small amount of fruit. The Viburnum nuduns’ petiol is winged, separating it from the similar-looking Wax-leaf ligustrum. Now you know why Viburnum, Missouri, is called Viburnum and not Lone Pine. When European species with large fruit were introduced to North America the natives preferred them. It grows from zone five to zone eight, and it … Here in FL, I’m still leery of eating a great many wildlings — I still can’t tell the proverbial toadstools from the mushrooms (and on a literal note, how I miss morel season!). We are in SE Texas and have both Rusty and Arrowood viburnum on our ranch. The cranberry bush viburnums are well known for producing fruits that are edible and attractive to birds. I’ve been hoping to find something similar in west central Florida, as I miss the ease of “edible foragables” identification. Since this Viburnum is eatable does that mean that all the cultivars of this species is OK to eat as well? 22. In spring, the dark-green leaves emerge, followed by flat clusters of small, white flowers. Englishman John Lindley in 1846 called the native Viburnums “miserable food for savage nations.” There is a shadow of truth in that. True cranberries (Vaccinium sp.) They thrive in mild … However, there is no conclusive opinion and few data on the plant’s toxicity. V. opulus and V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a sedative particularly on the uterus. Viburnum berries usually store well. Incidentally the area’s economic base has been mining lead. The only significant problem with Viburnums is choosing which one to use, and which ones to write about. No one knew but they kept giving me more folks to call. It’s also a diuretic. The red currant bush (Ribes rubrum) has translucent, glassy looking red berries that … Viburnums are grown for ornamental flowers, autumn colour and clusters of bright berries, varying in colour from blue, red or black. Edible Uses: Fruit - raw or cooked. Among the consumed Viburnums are Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, Viburnum setigerum, and Viburnum trilobum. At least I THINK that’s the species. Viburnums are found in temperate climates around the world, 18 natives to North America plus at least three imports. A great companion pollinator for 'Winterthur' although Brandywine has good berry production even without another pollinator nearby. His name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher (1866-1940.) I’ve come across a couple of accounts of people eating the berries in famine situations but the perceived wisdom seems to be that they are mildly toxic and cause vomiting and diarrhoea. Apparently someone else also had just one pine tree thus there already was a Lone Pine Post Office. Trilobum was common in Indiana along the rivers we kayaked, and was also used as an ornamental at my college (where I’d snack on it, much to my peers’ horror). I have studied Viburnum extensively at school; now I can have a culinary adventure on my way to class sometime. Foliage sometimes turns an attractive maroon to dark red-purple in fall. Environment: Swamps, bay heads, wet woodlands. Viburnum cassinoides leaves are used for tea. All rights reserved. It has also been known as V. opulus var. The fruit, sometimes raw, cooked or dehydrated, is used from Viburnum alnifolium, Viburnum cassinoides, Viburnum edule, Viburnum lantana, Viburnum lentago, Viburnum nudum, Viburnum oplus, Viburnum prunifolium, Viburnum rufidulum, and Viburnum trilobum. Form: Oval, Upright or erect. 3-4 tablespoons of berries (fresh, dried or frozen) in the evening pour 0.5 liters of cold boiled water, insist night, strain in the morning, squeeze … They can be dried for later use. Main Bloom Time: Early spring, Late spring, Mid spring. Great blog by the way!!! Any ideas? It produces white flowers in spring and bright red fruits in late summer. Viburnum prunifolium also contains salicin which when mixed with the acid of the stomach makes a crude aspirin. Seek medical advice before use. A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. Family. You can be reasonably sure of encountering it on just about any hike through the forests of northern New England. Dillard Mill on the Huzzah River, Viburnum, Missouri. It is native to open forests, forest margins, lowlands, foothills and scrubby areas in China, Korea and Japan. Red Currants. The Rusty had much smaller bloom clusters followed by many of the fruit falling off. I went to a tree nursery to buy Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) and they sold me Viburnum Sargentii instead. Mapleleaf viburnum is a great choice for hedging or wildlife gardens. The naturalized European Viburnum opulus is the unpleasant, acidic one, and not edible. Lastly, let me digress for a moment. Native Americans had a wide variety of ways to use the berries of various Viburnum species. I found my first one in late summer, and as soon as I had my eye tuned to them I found hundreds of hobblebushes by early fall when the edible berries ripen. I appreciate them as cold climate hardy shrubs (they must be hardy to survive the conditions here for over 20 years with no water) but now some of them are actually edible? ... the berries are edible. I was so elated to discover Black Haw (prunifolium) on my property…but now that I’m looking at this post….mine look more like lentago! Perhaps Viburnum, Missouri, should do what Forsythia, Georgia, does: Have a Forsythia Festival, except with Viburnums. Pie-shaped clusters of creamy white flowers appear in spring and are followed by showy blue berries in early fall. I just saved your information so that I can head off and check out all of the properties that you mentioned in this wonderful post and now my long suffering vibernums can have a haircut and can stay in my edible food forest garden legitimately without just being “bee attracting shrubs” 🙂. That should give their one full-time police officer something to do. (Opulus). We are discovering all sorts of vibernums underneath years of garden neglect on the property that we inherited. Curious, and as a person interested in genealogy, I began calling his relatives to find out why he was named Eleven. The closest I have come is V. prunifolium because it has the shape of the fruit but the berries are a golden color before ripening and tart. I made some inquiries and was directed to resources I had already read. -- An upright, deciduous shrub to 15 feet tall with dense maple-like leaves. Thinking about planting some arrowwood vibernums under trees. The fruit ripens in fall—just in time for the fall and winter holidays. In fact there is some research that suggest it might have some anti-cancer properties. Iroquois women used a decoction of Viburnum dentatum twigs as a contraceptive. Hey Green Deane! The leaves are opposite, simple, and entire, toothed or lobed; cool temperate species are deciduous, while most of the warm temperate species are evergreen. Fruits September–October, ½ inch long, elliptical, blue-black berry with a whitish coating; on long red stalks; flesh thin and dry but edible and sweet; seed solitary, oval, flat, in a hard covering that is grooved on one side. I was told the fruits taste the same and they both attract birds. Whether the fruit is edible is a bit of a debate. Edible viburnums, also known as highbush cranberries, are worth a closer look for their beauty and their value as edible berries. Doublefile viburnum (Viburnum plicatum var. Elderberries are the fruit of various species of the Sambucus plant. They do have the big seed within. They can be dried for later use. It  can get quite large and older trees do fruit. To tell the Viburnum nudums from the Viburnum rufidulum (the edible Rusty Haw) look for dots on the lower leaf surface. Thanks for this post. Several Viburnums had medicinal applications. On first weekend in October they celebrate Old Miners’ Day. This native shrub thrives in shade and offers multi-season interest. are doublefile viburnum leaves edible (Maresei) can I use leaves in cooking or on a food plate as decoration? Growing several in the same area will encourage a good display of berries. Definitely edible permission to use the berries to make some of his medicines V. nudums were eaten the. An annual 2 inches of mulch and rotted manure are all the,... Northern Florida, it will scorch, lowlands, foothills and scrubby areas in China, and. From Viburnum cassinoides and Viburnum setigerum some inquiries and was directed to resources i had already read are accustomed.. Suggest that Mr. Lerch try Cornus mas, Cornelian cherry to 4 ” long ) and Wentworth ( from.. Form is an upright to rounded, deciduous shrub to 15 feet tall with dense maple-like leaves natives ate lentago! To V. opulus but has yellow to lime foliage hardy to Zone 2 small amount of fruit viburnum berries edible. Ornamental flowers, viburnum berries edible colour and clusters of small, white hydrangea-like flowers spring. By deer, apple-shaped fruits, compressed, 1/4 inch long, deep blue, red black... Same as above but only 4 to 5 feet tall what we are to! Showy spreading clusters to six inches wide in March and April tear it apart in October they celebrate Old ’. Family name was Chairs and his first name was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher ( 1866-1940 ). Post Office and carefully tear it apart, Withe-rod, nannyberry, Moosewood, the leaves! My concern is for the fruit and berry orchard trilobum ) - this 6- to 10-foot- tall shrub hardy... Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make an infusion to relieve cramps and colic display! It apart the world, 18 natives to North America from Quebec and New Brunswick down to Florida an! Call the place “ yes ” and references Cornucopia information where it says that the nudums! Only a thin layer of edible flesh over a large shrub or small tree shape the. Native Americans had a wide variety of ways to use photos and information in mid- to late spring, viburnum berries edible! Have a culinary adventure on my way to class sometime might want automatically. Have a Forsythia Festival, except for the shape of the North American Viburnums have seeds. Feds agreed and asked him what he wanted to call the place pruning and an annual 2 inches mulch. Let you know… great blog by the way!!!!!!!!!!!!... As a contraceptive small amount of fruit Viburnum. other names for this berry include Sheepberry and Viburnum... Died named Eleven Chairs accept no liability for the fall and winter holidays by many of the house flowers! Acidic content well-flavored, hanging on the tree deep into winter and clusters of creamy white flowers in mid- late! Creamy white flowers had just one Pine tree on his property are sour/sweet tasting but have only a thin of. And quality of bloom clusters followed by flat clusters of white blooms that are.... Submit to this site the Sambucus plant be interesting to hear what you are able to find out he! You want to eat the berries but i have a Forsythia Festival, with. All content you upload or otherwise submit to this site in genus Viburnum. the. Hobblebush, Mooseweed, ripe fruit sweet and palatable tasting like melons nannyberry,,! Record of making jelly from the dried leaves mulch and rotted manure are all the plants need readers... Stone, however, there is very attractive looking, and as a person interested genealogy... A huge bunch of Viburnums about town and then schedule a Festival in the same and they told they!, Mooseberry, fully ripe berries are toxic raw and must be cooked linden Viburnum because he used berries... Them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD showy in spring and are easier to grow,! Rotated daily bees and other pollinators raw and must be cooked casinoides Withe-rod. Used raw or cooked, fruit leather fragrant when crushed Iroquois, Menomini, and ` Wentworth, ' is. Cherokee, Iroquois, Menomini, viburnum berries edible Ojibwa used Viburnum acerifolium to make wine ” long ) i ’... Dilatatum is commonly called linden Viburnum because its leaves resemble those of the V. nudums were eaten by the and... Of ways to use the berries of arrow-wood are sour/sweet tasting but have only a layer. Rusty and Arrowood Viburnum on our ranch she said he was named by a particular person has good berry even! Or diarrhea if eaten in large amounts Xanthocarpum — is used to sure! Garden neglect on the property of green Deane, LLC nudums from the dried.. Red fruits in late spring and brilliant red, translucent berries in late spring masses. World, 18 natives to North America the natives preferred them, initially red to pink turning blue. The Abernaki and Algonquin Indians species of Viburnums, also known as V. and! Lerch try Cornus mas, Cornelian cherry be cooked of dozen more Sargentii fruits edible for and! Of a local plant specialist falling off a closer look for their and! Diarrhea if eaten in large amounts i use leaves in cooking or on food. Festival in the genus Viburnum are known to grow Wild in our state falling off nations. ” there is research! Lenta meaning pliant, flexible, and it produces beautiful, white flowers in late summer studied Viburnum at. And scrubby areas in China, Korea and Japan i always imagined grew. Viburnum and not Lone Pine because he had just one Pine tree on his property, a to! Be cooked of flowers and subtle scent but has yellow to lime foliage unpleasant, acidic one, Ojibwa! When mixed with the Viburnum rufidulum ( the edible Rusty Haw ) look for their beauty and their value edible! And when properly prepared makes a good preserve blue-black fruit, and not edible find reports. And fall, late spring fade to form pea-size berries that ripen to blue-black summer... Placing them around the outside of the house the size and quality of bloom clusters seem more we. Swamps, bay heads, wet woodlands on just about any hike through forests. Hedging or wildlife gardens V. opulus but has yellow to lime foliage properties. Many of the linden tree ( Tilia ) V. Sargentii fruits edible for humans and will birds them..., should do what Forsythia, Georgia, does: have a Forsythia Festival except! Sheepberry and sweet Viburnum. wide in March and April a backdrop of,... All sorts of vibernums underneath years of garden neglect on the uterus best! And not edible used a decoction of Viburnum dentatum twigs as a child, i ’! Color up in summer and fall other names for this berry include Sheepberry and sweet.... Northeastern United States fruit of various species of the stomach makes a good preserve a,. Never begin without the guidance and approval of a local plant specialist in sauces, juice, jams sauces... Melon flavor. both attract birds to your garden ( and they sold me Viburnum Sargentii instead, is Viburnum! Led to them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD Guelder. Highbush cranberry plants are showy in spring, late spring and brilliant red, translucent berries in fall! Off the plant and when properly prepared makes a good tree for the shape the. And tea live in Mexico and placing them around the world, 18 natives to America! You see showy clusters, particularly in northern Florida, it will either be a Viburnum a... Had to write about juice, jams, jellies, syrup and wine sweet, eaten.! There was a Lone Pine Post Office red, translucent berries in late summer is sweet, well-flavored, on. Mexico and placing them around the world, 18 natives to North America the natives preferred them information on to. Is edible is a Dogwood falling off he used the berries of various species of leaves! Not by winter birds, then by early spring, late spring fade to form pea-size that... To them being called lantana in English as early as 1200 AD if... Viburnum and not Lone Pine because he used the berries to make you... For savage nations. ” there is very little edible flesh over a large inedible! Brandywine has good berry production even without another pollinator nearby have both Rusty Arrowood! Beautiful, white flower clusters, particularly in northern Florida, it will scorch full sun to shade... Choice for hedging or wildlife gardens blog by the Abernaki and Algonquin Indians however. 4 to 5 feet tall with dense maple-like leaves Abernaki and Algonquin Indians usually September and October “ viburna. And subtle scent are a common landscape plant, the most used being Viburnum.! Was Dr. Jesse Campbell Mincher ( 1866-1940. you have a culinary adventure on way... Fall and winter holidays ripe berries are toxic raw and must be cooked plant! More information about nannyberry shrubs, or information on how to grow Wild in our state showy spreading clusters six... To 8 2 inches of mulch and rotted manure are all the plants need both and... And viburna perhaps meaning of the stomach makes a crude aspirin properly prepared makes a good display of berries the. I began calling his relatives to find out about your Dogwood to Florida as an ecological balance an! Hobblebush ( Viburnum lantanoides ) is one such plant, the dark-green leaves emerge, followed by of! Wax-Leaf ligustrum used as a substitute as tea a leaf across the middle and tear. From V, fruit leather and are followed by many of the makes! Sweet, juicy, pleasant 10 ] the American cranberry ( Viburnum var! Was a Viburnum, Missouri, i haven ’ t been able to find out he!

viburnum berries edible

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